[Music] How is the equalization of property calculated
in Ontario upon divorce? Hi, I’m Brian Galbraith, I’m the owner of
Galbraith Family Law Professional Corporation. We’re a law firm of divorce lawyers with offices
in Barrie, Orillia, and Newmarket. The calculation of an equalization payment
is based on a formula. Basically, the formula is this, the assets are calculated for both
parties on the date of separation, you subtract from that the debts on the date of separation
in each person’s name and then you subtract any assets or debts that each person had on
the date of marriage because you’re sharing the increase in wealth during the course of
the marriage. Lastly, exclude any excluded assets such as gifts, or inheritances or proceeds
from a personal injury that are still in existence on the date of separation and are in a discrete
piece of property or account, so it’s kept separate. That determines each party’s net
family property number and then those numbers are equalized by way of a payment of money. Let me give you an example here. In this example
here’s the husband’s column, here’s the wife’s column, they jointly own the home, it’s worth
\$400,000 so since it’s jointly owned it’s \$200,000 for each. They each have their own
RSPs, it’s \$50,000 for him, \$20,000 for her. They each have a car, his is worth \$30,000,
her’s is worth \$10,000. That’s their assets on the date of separation \$280,000 versus
\$230,000. That’s the first step, the second is you have to subtract the debts as of the
date of separation. There’s a mortgage it’s 50/50 and it’s \$100,000 in total so it’s shared
between the two of them equally 50/50. He has a car loan of \$10,000 on his car so that’s
down here and then the taxes on the RSP, in this case estimated them to be 20% depend
on the circumstances what you’d estimate them to be. In this case, there’s debt for the
husband of \$70,000 and \$52,000 for the wife, that’s going to be subtracted from the assets
on the date of separation. The next step is, to look at what was owned
by each of them on the date of marriage, he owned a \$40,000 car with a debt of \$30,000
on it, so he gets to deduct \$20,000. She had a \$50,000 car with a \$30,000 debt, she gets
to deduct \$20,000 because that’s what each had on the date of marriage. Then the last is excluded property, and in
this case the husband was given a gift of money which he used to purchase the car, the
car is still in existence on the date of separation it was kept in his name, so he gets to deduct
\$20,000 in this case the wife had nothing that she could deduct. Now you just do the calculation. Assets on
the date of separation \$280,000 for the husband, his debts were \$70,000 he brought into the
marriage \$10,000 and he had excluded assets of \$20,000 so his net family property is a
\$180,000. Doing the same calculation for the wife, her’s is \$158,000. Obviously, if things
were left they way they were on the date of separation, he would leave the marriage with
\$22,000 more in assets than her. Ontario Family Law Act says that those numbers should be
equalized. Lets see the calculation. There’s the husbands
net family property \$180,000 the wife’s is a \$158,000 so the difference is \$22,000. To
equalize that, the husband has to pay to the wife so the husband pays the wife \$11,000
that results in each party having net family property after the separation is completed
of \$169,000. That’s equal so that’s what the Family Law Act divides up property. Each person
leaves with the property that’s in their own name and debts that are in their own name,
but by this process the accumulated value during the course of the marriage is equalized. Some of the issues that arise are what are
what is the fair market value of particular assets? Do you have any proof of the value
of an asset? Do you have any proof of the debt? What were the assets of the day of marriage?
Can you prove that? Often times there is no documentation to prove the assets or debts
that were owned on the date of marriage. What we do is, we do this sort of calculation everyday,
our family law lawyers have a great knowledge of how the courts are deciding these sorts