This is an NPTEL course in which we cover
the basics of what intellectual property is. Intellectual property deals with a variety
of things so we use the term intellectual property rights to cover the rights that protects
intellectual property. Now this includes the legal rights which results
from intellectual activity in the industry, scientific, literary or artistic fields. So when we talk about intellectual property
rights, we are referring to those legal right that result out of an intellectual activity
and that intellectual activity is either in an industrial, scientific, literary or an
artistic filed. Now we will look at the detail soon. Now intellectual property can manifest in
different form, so we have an inclusive definition which tells us that intellectual property
includes literary, artistic and scientific works. It includes performances of performing artists,
phonograms and broadcasts. It includes inventions in all fields of human
endeavor. It includes scientific discoveries, industrial
designs, trademarks, service marks and commercial names and designations. Protection against unfair competition, so
you can see it is a vast mix of different things. The idea is if you can have legal rights that
manifest out of intellectual activity then there is a regimen to protect it and the regimen
is what we call the intellectual property rights regimen. Now why should you protect IP? Intellectual property needs protection for
largely 2 broad reasons. One, to give statutory expression to moral
and economic rights of creators the fact that what creators create has to be protected in
their creations and the right of the public in access to those creations. So there are 2 things, we want to protect
the creators of the rights and we also want to protect the users from using those rights. So there is the right of the creator and the
right of the user. So only if the right is protected can both
creators and users enjoy the right. The second argument for protecting intellectual
property right is that protection of intellectual property right promotes creativity and the
dissemination and application of it is results and to encourage fair trading which would
contribute to economic and social development. Now this is the second argument for protecting
intellectual property rights. So you can see that. Now not just protecting rights of creator
we are also looking at the intellectual property right regime as a regime that promotes creativity
and dissemination of the creations themselves. Types of IPRs, now patents protects, inventions,
trademarks protect, brands and logos which are associated with products and services,
copyright protects, artistic literary and creative works, industrial designs protects,
aesthetic designs, plant variety protection protects plant varieties and readers rights,
trade secrets protects confidential information. Geographical indications protect products
that come from a particular geography which are peculiar to that particular territory
and layout of semiconductor chips protects the layout of IC chips. Who should study IP? Now given this vast domain in which IP can
apply and the fact that they can be intellectual activity in any of these domains IP should
be of interest for researches and scientists, for marketers, for creative artists, designers,
entrepreneurs, professors and students, engineers and technologist, management professionals. Syllabus for the course, we will first talk
about the intangible economy because IP makes lot of sense in an intangible economy because
these are intangible rights and in intangible economy is something that has now come to
prevail in the world around us. Then we look at the basics of intellectual
property. We look at patterns and cover a whole lot
of things form ball pens to biologics. Then we look at trademarks, the impact of
trademark in different industries. We look at copyright, does it give somebody
a right to copy. We look at also the unconventional IP. Now the IP universe is an expanding universe
in the sense that there are new IPs being created and new IPs being pushed into the
international regimen for recognition. So we will also look at apart from looking
at the classical IP, we will also look at the new and the evolving IP regimes. We will look at enforcement of IP, how do
you protect your IP right. We will look at IP for business, how IP can
be commercial or profit making asset. We will look at IP from the view point of
research and experimentation which is what researches and universities need to know. We will look at IP from a creative and entertainment
industries perspective and we will also look at governments role in fostering IP. The Indian government had released national
IPR policy recently so we will look at what the policy is on IP as well and finally we
look at the importance of teaching IP.